By Sandro Segre
Ethical financial system, as a collection of principles which keep an eye on industry transactions, has been the article of a lot learn and debate because the 1980's. Classical sociological authors equivalent to Weber, Simmel, and Toennies additionally handled this topic, besides the fact that Weber particularly dwelt at the ideas of the ethical financial system within the monetary markets. This paintings sheds gentle on Weber's contribution, as special from these of Simmel and Toennies, formulating versions of commercial kin, one oligopolistic and the opposite in response to loose pageant, and exhibits the results on competitiveness on the planet marketplace that stream from the superiority of the single version or the opposite. The behavior of actors in monetary markets can be accounted for, making connection with Weber's writings at the London and Berlin inventory Exchanges, and to investigations on modern monetary markets
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Extra info for A Weberian Analysis of Business Groups and Financial Markets
It becomes then increasingly difﬁcult to carry out transactions with foreign partners, not because they necessarily attribute great importance to those rules (since some of the partners may prove unreliable), and not only because “patrimonial” standards remain relevant in chaebol management and involve economic inefﬁciencies that unfavorably affect prices, considering that chaebols hold relevant power positions on the South Korean domestic market. But also because uncertainty on their own rules, norms and knowledge, may produce in South Korean groups several internal conﬂicts and corresponding management uncertainties, which would lower their trustworthiness in comparison with international competitors.
The smaller the population is, that is, the smaller the number of organizations taking part in it, other conditions being equal, the lowest is the competition among organizations and the highest is the carrying capacity of the environment. The size of a population grows until the limit of this capacity is achieved, and diminishes when this limit is exceeded, so that the ratio between population size and environment carrying capacity tends to be balanced. The ecological theory contains some assertions, empirically validated, concerning small organizations, which—other conditions being equal— have greater difﬁculties to survive for they lack sufﬁcient resources and qualiﬁed personnel, as well as legitimacy or reputation (in the dual sense of notoriety and conformity to institutional norms).
According to Toennies, actually existing societies which are close to the ideal type of Gesellschaft may then include some Gemeinschaft elements. Toennies would not have been surprised, therefore, in learning from contemporary research that modern societies preserve some Gemeinschaft aspects, as long as certain favorable conditions prevail. For example, length of residence strengthens local social bonds and community sentiments (Kasarda, Janowitz 1974); density of acquaintanceship promotes social control of deviance, socialization of the young and care for those in need of help (Freudenburg 1986: 42–50); in addition, “local community networks are founded on kinship ties, even today” (Logan, Spitze 1994: 473).
A Weberian Analysis of Business Groups and Financial Markets by Sandro Segre