By P. S. Jackman, L. M. Smith
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Additional info for Advances in corrosion control and materials in oil and gas production: papers from EUROCORR '97 and EUROCORR '98
T. Simon, Inhibition of flow induced localized corrosion under extreme wall shear stresses in CO 2 containing media (in German), PhD Thesis, Aachen University of Technology, Germany, 1993. 26. G. Schmitt, T. Simon and R. H. Hausler, CO 2 erosion corrosion and its inhibition under extreme shear stress m I. Development of methodology, Corrosion '90, Paper No. 22, NACE International, Houston, T, 1990. 27. G. Schmitt, Flow induced localized Corrosion m A challenge for corrosion inhibition in oil and gas production, Proc.
I ! Ductile adherence IFeOO31 i No inhibitor I I I I I • 1 mM MNQB Carbonate yield Brittle I 10-2 spalling v c I,. 2 , ~ . . ~ . . 1 1 10 Scale thickness (#m) 100 Fig. 18 Failure mode diagram for iron carbonate scales. The results on the thickness dependent fracture strain of iron carbonate scales obtained with the 4-PLT method match with the data obtained from scale defect structure calculations published earlier . This gives confidence to use these data in future model calculations. The fracture mechanical data n o w available for iron carbonate scales on low alloy steel are listed in Table 3.
_ _~__ 11 Year of operation Fig. 15 Risk (= N P V cost of failure) for a lO-km pipeline as a function of life time. A corrosion allowance of 10 mm is the maximum that can practically be recommended. It also minimises the life cycle costs. The Materials and Corrosion View of Wet Gas Transportation 21 a strong commitment on the part of the asset owner, to ensure that the system is operated and maintained as designed. It also requires a clear understanding of the consequences of misoperation of the corrosion control system by all parties involved in the process m this includes operators, maintenance, chemical supplier, corrosion engineer, production chemist, purchasing, etc.
Advances in corrosion control and materials in oil and gas production: papers from EUROCORR '97 and EUROCORR '98 by P. S. Jackman, L. M. Smith