By Lyn Schumaker
Africanizing Anthropology tells the tale of the anthropological fieldwork established on the Rhodes-Livingstone Institute in Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) through the mid-twentieth century. concentrating on collaborative methods instead of at the task of person researchers, Lyn Schumaker supplies the assistants and informants of anthropologists a crucial function within the making of anthropological knowledge.Schumaker exhibits how neighborhood stipulations and native rules approximately tradition and historical past, in addition to earlier event of outsiders’ curiosity, form neighborhood people’s responses to anthropological fieldwork and support them, in flip, to steer the development of data approximately their societies and lives. Bringing to the fore a variety of actors—missionaries, directors, settlers, the households of anthropologists—Schumaker emphasizes the day-by-day practices of researchers, demonstrating how those are as centrally implicated within the making of anthropological knowlege because the discipline’s tools. identifying a well-known crew of anthropologists—The Manchester School—she unearths how they accomplished the advances in concept and strategy that made them recognized within the Fifties and 1960s.This ebook makes vital contributions to anthropology, African heritage, and the historical past of technology.
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Additional info for Africanizing Anthropology: Fieldwork, Networks, and the Making of Cultural Knowledge in Central Africa
Another more general inﬂuence on colonial agricultural development policy derived from the American Dust Bowl experience. ≤≠ The model for the interest in urban Africa, however, lay not so much in anthropology, with its rural precedents, as in sociology. ≤∞ Some of the rli anthropologists drew on the Chicago School studies for their early conceptions of urban anthropology, especially J. Clyde Mitchell, who played a role in developing the rli’s method of network analysis. American cultural inﬂuences also permeated Britain’s central African colonies.
While referring to the ﬁeld, these demonstrations may also mimic experiences that actually took place in the ﬁeld and, along with anecdotes about the ﬁeld, teach novice anthropologists about proper ﬁeld behavior while proving the actor’s own proﬁciency in that behavior. ’’π The meaning of these experiences in the ﬁeld, however, is different from their meaning in the university setting. In the ﬁeld these experiences play a role in a process of legitimation performed for a very 42 Africanizing Anthropology different audience—for those who already occupy that ﬁeld, for the administrators, settlers, Africans, and others with whom the anthropologist must struggle for status and earn credibility in order to be allowed into the ﬁeld.
The oral material, however, carries signiﬁcance that goes beyond questions of accuracy. The informants’ stories I have used in this chapter reﬂect the meaning of Wilson’s and Gluckman’s experiences for later anthropologists, who would tackle similar problems in their Archetypal Experiences 41 ﬁeldwork. ∂ Told and retold, reinterpreted and misinterpreted, stories of these incidents have passed into a folklore of ﬁeldwork in southern Africa. The painful silence surrounding certain aspects of these incidents points to the continuing vulnerability of anthropologists to political and commercial powers that can damage the lives and careers of young researchers.
Africanizing Anthropology: Fieldwork, Networks, and the Making of Cultural Knowledge in Central Africa by Lyn Schumaker