By John Webster
There was a contemporary explosion of lively quandary in concerns of animal welfare. The technological know-how in the back of animal welfare has stepped forward considerably, new codes of perform and laws have come into to being, and leading edge ways to investigate welfare schemes for foodstuff creation have emerged.
a part of a huge animal welfare sequence, Animal Welfare: Limping in the direction of Eden is John Webster’s new and groundbreaking paintings on animal welfare. development on his first ebook, the hugely acclaimed Animal Welfare: a funky Eye in the direction of Eden, it not just significantly reports components of improvement, yet seems to be to how animal welfare may be superior within the future.
detailed attention is given to:
Defining animal welfare (‘fit and happy’) and developing a scientific method for its assessment (the ‘five freedoms’);Content:
Chapter 1 creation: evidence and Values (pages 1–23):
Chapter 2 problem and reaction (pages 24–45):
Chapter three Sentience, experience and soreness (pages 46–76):
Chapter four Husbandry and Welfare at the Farm: evaluation and coverage (pages 77–96):
Chapter five Animals for nutrition: Industrialised Farming, Pigs and chook (pages 97–129):
Chapter 6 Animals for foodstuff: livestock and different Ruminants (pages 130–156):
Chapter 7 Animals for nutrition: dealing with, delivery and Slaughter (pages 157–179):
Chapter eight Animals for technology and Biotechnology (pages 180–204):
Chapter nine Animals for recreation (pages 205–226):
Chapter 10 Animals as Pets (pages 227–248):
Chapter eleven Limping in the direction of Eden: Stepping Stones (pages 249–271):
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Extra info for Animal Welfare: Limping Towards Eden: A Practical Approach to Redressing the Problem of Our Dominion Over the Animals
G. bar chewing in sows, crib-biting and weaving in horses. g. sham dust bathing in hens, sham rumination in veal calves. g. inappetence, ‘learned helplessness’. The interpretation of abnormal patterns of behaviour, such as stereotypies or injurious feather pecking, in terms of how the animals actually feel is a complex and uncertain business that can be left to subsequent chapters. To give one example: feather pecking leading to cannibalism in poultry may appear at ﬁrst sight to be a simple case of unnatural aggression.
3 lists three categories of measurement used to measure adaptive and other physiological responses to persistent or repeated environmental challenges. The ﬁrst category involves measurements of the direct costs of the physiological response. g. a redistribution of body reserves between protein and fat. The second category involves measurement of the cost to the animal in terms of loss of ﬁtness. Measures include impaired reproductive performance, increased morbidity and loss of appetite. The third category encompasses a list of physiological ‘markers’ that may be used as indices of the cost of Indicators used to measure adaptive and other physiological responses to persistent or repeated environmental challenges.
The presence of theta waves at 4–7 Hz has been used as an indicator of the alarm response to indicate, for example, what does and does not alarm farm animals in the period immediately preceding stunning and slaughter (see Gregory, 1998b). Here the mild cost (of the EEG) to the individuals in the experiment can be justiﬁed by the potential beneﬁt to millions through the development of more humane procedures in the abattoir. For the most part, however, I suggest that direct measurements of the electrophysiology and/or biochemistry of the brain are seldom justiﬁed when used simply as evidence of a physiological response to a stressor, whether used in the stage of alarm, adaptation or exhaustion.
Animal Welfare: Limping Towards Eden: A Practical Approach to Redressing the Problem of Our Dominion Over the Animals by John Webster